For anyone who is not in the “know,” and by that we mean a complete Trekkie, the Prime Directive is the first imperative of Starfleet and the United Federation of Planets. It is a rule of non-interference. The developed Federation and by extension Starfleet cannot interfere with the affairs of developing worlds, or they might taint their evolutionary progress, even if the planet and its refugees are under threat of destruction or death. Yet, is this a policy we should be adopting when it comes to our own planet?

Maybe there comes a time in the life of every person, and every nation when we need to ask ourselves the hard questions. What kind of people we want to be? is the Prime Directive any positive divisors other than 1 and itself? What kind of world do we want to live in? What Would the Federation Do? We suppose the short answer is: “boldly go wherever Captain Kirk’s libido has never gone before,” but another answer may become our very own Prime Directive, not in regards to any alien race, but in regards to how we treat other people in the world.

The Conscience of the King
As Jean-Luc Picard says the Starfleet Prime Directive is not just a set of rules, but “a philosophy.” At its core it is about letting a people fend for themselves. It is about teaching fellow sentient creatures self-reliance, to figure out the hard problems on their own, and without the technological and economical hand-outs of a more developed nation. In the end, one could actually interpret it as a fairly “pull yourself up by your own bootstraps” type of policy from the normally leftist Federation, but is it one directive we are willing to put to use in today’s world? What would Picard do?

Currently, Europe and the world is facing one of the largest refugee crises in a generation. 4.1 million people have fled the violence currently taking place in Syria, thanks to ISIS and other warring factions. That is nearly double the amount displaced by the Rwanda genocides in 1994. Europe and other countries have had varying responses to the flood of refugees trying to stream across their borders. Countries like Hungary have been cracking down while countries such as Germany have been opening their nation to fleeing refugees, but they have been forced to “drop it down to impulse” in the past week. Yet, what is the right way to handle this crisis?

The humanitarian side would say that we have a moral and ethical obligation to help the people who are currently fleeing war and violence. After all they are fighting for their lives and the lives of their family to make it to safer grounds, flooding into Mediterranean countries by land and sea. However, a more practical side could also argue that from an economic and security standpoint, letting thousands of unknown refugees from a high risk area of the world, unquestioningly into your country may not be the best choice. After all, when the Klingon moon of Praxis exploded and threatened the lives of everyone on the Klingon homeworld of Qo’nos, did the Federation decide to take the risk and help its most hated enemy?… Well, yes they did, but in all fairness they never had the Internet.

Balance of Terror

Alleged Romulans at a rally in Germany.
Alleged Romulans at a rally in Germany.

There has been a lot passed around on Facebook and social media about this current crisis. The most currently famous image is the picture of what appears to be an ISIS flag being held aloft by refugees during a clash with German police. It often gets posted to show why countries should be closing their borders to this outpouring of humanity. The picture is also falser than Seven of Nine’s implants. It is a picture from 2012 taken at an anti-Islam rally in Bonn, Germany. the flag is not an ISIS flag at all, but another Muslim flag with a similar color scheme. Many Muslims believe that one of the banners carried by Muhammad was black and monochromatic, so it’s a very popular color scheme.

In fact, according to the ship’s LCARS and our own research the only violence that we could uncover -that was even remotely related to the surge of refugees- had to do with anti-refugee protests. We are talking about people who already live in the affected countries and commit violence against migrants and government facilities, such as the arson attack against a planned center for refugees in Germany back in August. So far it seems as if most of the Syrian refugees have been relatively peaceful, especially in contrast to some of the more horrifying conditions they have been met with. 22 refugees, including 4 children, drowned while attempting to reach Greece, and that story is not at all out of the ordinary. What would Sisko do?

The Trouble with Tribbles
The problem with the refugees is that there are a lot of them, and they keep multiplying everyday, but nobody seems to be able to agree on what to do. A meeting of the EU this week in Brussels by European Union Interior Ministers failed to come to any formal agreement or plan. The ministers failed to set any binding quotas for how many people each EU member nation should be obligated to take in. The group did propose a system of camps for refugees to be housed in Africa, which for anyone who is bad at geography, is not in Europe. The minsters also agreed agree, in principal, to share the current 160,000 refugees, which are already in Italy, Greece, and Hungary, but all 22 nations could not agree on a time schedule or a quota.

There is a school of thought that this may simply not be Europe’s problem? The United States pledged to take 70,000 refugees from all over the world this year and will take an additional 10,000 Syrian refugees next year, but many in the US look at this problem and feel very little responsibility toward the solution. The USA has donated $4 billion in humanitarian aid, but takes a view as if this is an issue to be dealt with by the Old World, if not the Middle East itself. Yet, what is our Prime Directive in this mess? Is this really just a Middle Eastern problem?

Many people have criticized, and with good reason, the lackluster response from other Middle Eastern countries and their failure to take in more refugees. According to CNN and Amnesty International Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain and other Gulf countries have offered no resettlement places to Syrian refugees. Many of the wealthier countries have donated money with Kuwait giving $101.9 million; Saudi Arabia $2.7 million; Qatar $2.5 million; and the UAE giving $2.2 million, but those amounts are a small bit of latinum compared to the troubles being faced by the international humanitarian crisis. However, it is easy to point fingers and lump all Middle Eastern countries together, but the truth is more complicated than the plot of Star Trek V.

The Immunity Syndrome
First of all, not all Arab countries have turned their backs. Lebanon has taken the most migrants per capita of any country so far, housing roughly 232 refugees per 1,000 refugees. They are followed by Jordan and Turkey at 81 and 27 per 1,000, respectively. Even Iraq has accepted 249,000, and Egypt has taken 132,000. In contrast, Germany is only currently housing 2.6 refugees per 1,000 refugees, and the United States ranks at a measly 0.8 refugees per 1,000. Secondly, it is not only Arab countries who have shut their borders to their neighbors in need. Israel, has offered no resettlement for displaced Syrians, which many have criticized because Israel is one of the richest and most powerful countries in the region, shares a border with Syria, and because the Jewish people themselves should empathize with the plight of refugees.

We do not say any of this to be critical against any country, only to show that this issue is not as black and white as some Internet memes would have it appear. As humans we like to make generalizations: Arab countries aren’t helping, Syrian refugees are all terrorists, all Star Trek: Enterprise  episodes were horrible, but they weren’t. That was a decent show canceled before its time, but making unthinking gross judgements we risk falling into a Tholian Web of inaction and excuses. In fact, even a lot of people whom live in countries whose governments are refusing to lend aid or resettlement, are doing everything they can to ease this crisis. Israelis, Saudis, Britons, Hungarians, Americans and all sorts of individuals are helping, because as people humans can be amazing creatures. We feel a responsibility toward our fellow humans, but are the responsibilities of an individual the same as the responsibilities of a nation? Wouldn’t accepting these extra people put a burden on countries, like Greece, who can barely afford their own citizens? Is that even logical. What would Spock do?

The Way to Eden
There may be other reasons for developed nations to take in more refugees, we can handle it. According to a US News report, smaller countries such as Jordan will spend upwards of 2.4 billion dollars on caring for displaced migrants. They will strain their country’s already limited water supply and other essential services. However, European and North American countries tend to have a sturdier infrastructure, and a lot more employment opportunities when compared to Middle Eastern ones. That is actually a boon for developed nations because any country that can shoulder the initial costs of a large influx of migrants has, historically, benefited in the long run. There are more people to work jobs, more people to consume products, more people to pay more taxes, and to just generally do more things.

For example, in Cleveland, the local service for refugees spent roughly $4.8 million back in 2012 to help a small number of refugees get established, but, according to Chmura Economics & Analytics, those refugees had a long term economic impact on the community equal to about $48 million, or about 10 times the initial resettlement investment. It makes a certain a mount a sense. Refugees want to create opportunities and provide for their families, and they tend to be younger. Countries with younger populations often benefit economically, educationally, and militarily. Maybe it is not surprising that most Western countries are getting older, considering that the majority of EU members want less immigration. Yet, the United States continues to maintain a youthful population due to our constant influx of foreign immigrants -both refugees and non-refugees. New people means new ideas, new opportunities, and a new spirit of diversity, cooperation, and profit. What would Quark do?

Remember, the United Federation of Planets is made up of thousands of worlds, hundreds of different species, and each brings their own strength to the table, and that is the real philosophy of the Federation, and of our planet. The Prime Directive might be a guideline for technologically advanced civilizations, but we aren’t members of Starfleet dealing with a culture who are imitating early 20th century gangsters -for some reason. We are all humans, dealing with out fellow humans. There is this idea that we are somehow different from the people of the Middle East, or Europe, or any toher nation, but we are all the same. To any passing Andorian, we are just humans, and maybe its time we treat each other like humans.

Maybe that should be our real Prime Directive.


Photo courtesy: http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/truth-behind-picture-claiming-show-6447418 

A small organization built by disillusioned members around a cadre of rhetoric and colorful leaders. It meets its goals through terrorist plots, paramilitary invasions, and illegitimate business operations. The group’s leader is shrouded in mystery, his face not well known to the public at large. The group’s very name strikes fear and conjures up images of violence, terror, and overly complicated plots of global domination. We are, of course, talking about Cobra, the arch-nemeses of the GI Joe team, but we could just as easily be talking about ISIS. Recently, we wanted to know more about the group and the dangers they posed, but what we found also recalled long forgotten memories of an enemy we have all known since childhood.

There are several versions of Cobra: the one from the cartoon series, the one from that crappy crappy movie with Cobra Gordon Levitt, but the most telling one is the fictional background we find in the old Marvel comic series. It was the original source material for the toys and the show, and it makes a lot more sense than Cobra-La. Also, it is surprisingly insightful about the motivations and formation of terrorist cells, which makes us just a little nervous about the true intentions of Hasbro.

Arise, Serpentor, Arise
Cobra started when a financially ruined man settled in the town of Springfield, which, itself, had fallen on hard times. This charismatic leader used the hardship to convince the rest of the town’s residents to blame the American government for their misfortunes. Together they started a secret cabal, known as Cobra. The group quickly moved to terrorist attacks. By the time the Federal government had registered them as a threat the organization had become a nationwide movement, attracting young men from both home and abroad. The ruined man became known as Cobra Commander and his message of revolution and global domination attracted more and more of the disenfranchised who were looking for someone to blame, in the same way how we like to blame Michael Bay. It’s not always his fault, but it sometimes kind of is.

Regardless, drawing members of terrorist organizations from the downtrodden and disillusioned is nothing new. Organizations like gangs and hate groups make the powerless feel powerful and make those that feel insignificant feel important. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), or whatever you choose to call them, started as Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), recruiting members from the millions of young men who felt as if they had nothing in their life and were angry at everyone else who did. Groups like ISIS and al Qaeda may use suicide bombings and beheadings instead of weather machines and exploding fast food signs, but the principals are the same. People join Cobra and ISIS because it gives them a sense of purpose and an outlet for their rage.

In the case of Cobra, as in the case of ISIS, America had a hand in their creation, and that is important to remember. Camp Bucca along the Kuwait border housed more than 100,000 prisoners during its tenure in the last Iraq War, including 9 of ISIS’ top commanders. Just as Cobra Commander found ready and willing followers in the downtrodden town of Springfield, so did these religious fanatics suddenly find themselves surrounded by a group of young disgruntled youths, many of which may even have been arrested by mistake. Right or wrong in your belief, when you are thrown into what you see as an unjust situation there is probably going to be a lot of fear and resentment against the people who did it to you. When something like that happens people tend to flock to the first person who will helped them make sense of the world and their anger, and whether that be an Islamic extremist, or a man in a metal snake helmet the principals remain the same. As a side note Camp Bucca sounds like the worst summer camp experience ever. At least it didn’t teach archery, then we might be in real trouble.

Where the Reptiles Roam
Cobra very quickly went from a terrorist organization to a paramilitary group. They kept sleeper agents, usually members of the elite Crimson Guard scattered across the United States, leading seemingly normal lives. That sounds like an creepily familiar tactic. Yet, the real threat came when Cobra Commander and his inner circle eventually took the bulk of their forces and started claiming territory in the US and around the world. The most notable example is Cobra Island, which was recognized as an actual country for a short time by the UN, because apparently the people at the UN looked at all the guys dressed in snake armor and thought, “Yeah, seems legit.” However, ISIS has very similar ambitions.

Originally, the AQI was led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, but he was killed in 2006 by an American airstrike. Next in-line was Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. He is the real Cobra Commander behind ISIS. He moved the organization into Syria, split away from al Qaeda and proclaimed himself the first Caliph of the Islamic State. He proved that, much like Cobra, ISIS was not going to be content fighting some nebulous holy war. Al-Baghdadi wanted a country of his own and the power to rule not just Iraq and Syria, but all of Islam.

For those of you unfamiliar with the concept of a caliphate, it is not just a kingdom, and a caliph is not just another title for a king. The power and religious authority goes a lot deeper than that. In fact, there has not been a caliph since the fall of the Ottoman Empire, and even then it had only become just a title, and for good reason. There are many versions of Islam and not everyone can agree what the right interpretation is, let alone who should be the single voice to decide that. Al Qaeda believes that there will one day be a caliphate but not in our lifetimes. They see themselves as paving the way for a far off Muslim utopia, but ISIS takes that a step further and basically says, “Yeah, we are the Caliphate.” This of course, irritates a lot of Muslims, as al-Baghdadi is proclaiming himself to be a direct religious and political successor to the Prophet Muhammad. You at least have to give the man points for ambition.

To a non-Muslims the importance of that may not entirely strike home. Just understand, that proclaiming that title is basically as big as Cobra Commander proclaiming that he is the emperor of a new world order. Thus, much like Cobra, ISIS has actually declared their goals to be global domination, maybe not of the physical world but certainly the spiritual one. It would sound crazy if they did not have the backing, training, and resources to do some real damage.

The Pit of Vipers
Cobra draws its fighting force from all across the world, including heavily from developing nations, but it also uses a cadre of professional mercenaries and soldiers to fill out its ranks, such as Zartan and the Dreadnoks, the Night Creepers Ninja Clan, and individual professionals like Firefly. They can afford this because Cobra uses several illegal businesses practices to prop up their wealth and armory, and in case you have not got the point of this article by now, ISIS does the same.

Some CIA estimates claim that ISIS has more than 30,000 troops at their disposal, with possibly as many as 20,000 of them being foreign fighters, including nearly 1,000 from Western countries. ISIS also uses former mercenary soldiers, specifically ones who had been employed by the US Military during the Iraq War. The Sons of Iraq were local Sunni Muslims, many of which were possibly former terrorists or fighters who had engaged in attacks on coalition forces, but the military realized that paying them to fight for the coalition was a lot more cost effective than actually fighting them. This movement was known as the Sunni Awakening and is one of the reasons why AQI was forced to flee to the country for the more fertile ground of Syria.

The Syrian Civil War offered the newly formed ISIS a fresh chance to recruit young men with fighting experience and a chip on their soldier. Their ranks swelled and so did their pocketbooks. At the same time the new Iraqi Government disbanded the Sunni Awakening out of racial and financial concerns. Eventually, 70,000 of the former fighters were given jobs in the Iraqi security forces, but the pay was never as good, and there were plenty more who never even received that opportunity. Eventually, ISIS just hired them to fight for ISIS instead of against them, because like we said before, that works. ISIS marched back into Iraq as a new and unstoppable threat.

Cobrathon
Cobra has Tomax and Xamot, twin brothers who run the business side of Cobra. The organization also receives funds and weaponry through M.A.R.S., the arms business run by Destro, and though al-Baghdadi has no one on the payroll that has a full metal head he has plenty of business ventures that allows the group to support tens of thousands of militants, a swath of territory with a civilian population the size of Austria, and a full armory of bullets, bombs, and stylish black head wraps.

First off, ISIS uses taxes and other local streams of revenue, such as the selling of electricity to residents, to make roughly 6 million dollars a day. This guaranteed income means they do not have to deal with outside banks or middlemen which can be pressured by US and coalition resources. Crude oil from their captured oil fields is one of their biggest exports, but they also extort money from hostages, humanitarian workers, and by ransacking archeological artifacts. Thanks to pre-established smuggling routes and a thriving black market ISIS has been using its captured oil and other resources to become the most well-funded terrorist organization in history. Soon they may even have enough to buy that coveted moonbase they have had their eyes on.

The Baroness is a member of the Cobra command. A European countess, she brings the wealth of her small country to Cobra’s coffers. ISIS is a little more down on the idea of women in power, but not the idea of private donors and royal money. It is estimated that ISIS receives an average of 20 million dollars a year from private donors in nations such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Qatar. Most officials in those countries are afraid to crack down on these wealthy members of their society as the political fallout could be costly. ISIS even receives donations from members of Persian Gulf Royalty, though we cannot imagine that they look as good in a tight leather outfit and librarian glasses.

Yo Joe
The good news is that the Iraqi Army outnumbers ISIS, but the bad news is that the army itself is kind of a mess. There is no Iraq version of the GI Joe team that can fight this threat. In ISIS’s first victory in Iraq 800 fighters forced 30,000 members of the Iraq Army to retreat due to poor deployment and low troop moral. Most of Iraq’s army, much like its citizenry, is still divided along religious lines and an uncertainty about their own government.

Lastly, ISIS is also incredibly media savvy. They use Twitter more effectively than we do at The NYRD. So much like that time Cobra started their own television station, ISIS knows how to leverage social media to attract followers and intimidate enemies.

We here at The NYRD are not trying to undermine the seriousness of this very violent and dangerous organization. Nor are we trying to aggrandize them in anyway. ISIS is responsible for multiple acts of butchery, slaughter, and terror that would make even Cobra Commander blink. We are only attempting to give you a better understanding of ISIS, because organizations built on terror are best defeated through knowledge, because knowing is half the battle.